As an owner, breeding Persian cat and exots, experience myself such a problem quite recently. Of, course they exist, if to see from genetic point of view. These colors are included into standard, but… Where are they? By all accounts, they have such animals but for some reason they are more often met in pedigrees of British cats as experimental partners for leading new color into the breed, but not like exhibition stars. It had to spent lots of time to answer the question: “What is the real situation with Lilac and Chocolate in the Persian group?”
The major paradox came to light at once :
There is enough big number of Points with Chocolate and Lilac practically full absence of equally colored individuals. Probably, the fashion played its role in it. After all, from the genetic point of view Lilac-Point color is more difficult in receiving than, for example, Chocolate Solid (solid-monochromatic, “firm” color). Now, thanks to fashion’s jokes, selectionists are forced to take out Chocolate and Lilac either from Solid-carriers CRC (carriers of Color-Point gene) or to work simpliciter with color lines, making copulations Solids (moreover it is desirable of stronger type) with Colors and further interbreeding on the Colour parents. Such copulations are made for a long time, but purposeful selection are begun recently in this direction.
Several breeding nurseries work today for Persian Cat to gain Chocolate and Lilac colour :
This is JUKI in Poland. It is world-famous nursery. But again they have Chocolate and Lilac not like purpose of selection, but like a side effect of Color-Points’ breeding of modern type.
This is Smaragd in Estonia, which specializes in Persian and Exotic cats of Lilac color and uses in the work cats from JUKI and Finnish nurseries.
Lilac cat of strong type, reached high victories by FIFE system. Pedigree program of the nursery is various and includes copulations with Chocolate sires.
This is Tair Polling in Ukraine, using also bloods of JUKI, but specializing, vice versa, only in Chocolates and Tabbys. You can see first kittens from this oldest Kharkov nursery in Moscow.
This is club Irbis (FIFE) in Krasnodar, working at the Colors’ bloods and carriers of Chocolate. Today the nursery Rarity of one sire, cat of Lilac color. Now you can see the first Lilac prosterity of show-quality.
The nursery Kelisa in Sochi is the nursery of Chocolate Persians. Prosterity of the same type, thought-out pedigree program. The nursery plans the receiving of Lilac Exots and the perfection of the type.
Several animals of Chocolate color appeared in Russia and Ukraine, but you can’t see the result of breeding yet. Or these cats still too young, or the pedigree program is not thought out, giving a soon result. Chocolate Exot of Kharkov bloods lives in Saint Petersburg (owner is Orlova S.), also the city on Neva can boast of Chocolate Color-Point, imported from Poland, one more Exot from Kharkov is purchased by the nursery Dimarsh (Moscow).
There are animals of modern type in Perm and Voronezh, but because of their obscurity from the capital or ignorance of the owners we have a few information about them.
The nursery Alexander-Fred (Moscow) has three Chocolate Persian cat ( of different blood lines), one Chocolate Exot, Chocolate Cream cat, and also several cats-carriers of chocolate gene. Therefore nursery plans the achieve of Chocolate and Lilac Bicolor cats. The nursery leads common pedigree program with Kelisa (Sochi).
Several enthusiasts in Moscow started the breeding of Chocolate and Lilac Persians, but uncertainly they either didn’t have enough means to purposefully decided to go all the way of coming-into-being of animals’ type, who originally received chocolate color by the way of interbreeding.
It is important to understand genetic appropriate matchings of these colours to know the rules of breeding and receiving of Lilacs and Chocolates.
Gene brightener D (delutor – i.e. diluent), that gives an opportunity to receive from the given sire kittens of blue color. This gene is charged with distribution of pigments, their more thin location along the axis of hair, making the tone of the hair more light;
Gene b of chocolate color ( special location of pigments along the axis of the hair) , giving an opportunity to receive from the giving animal kittens of chocolate color and, in combination with gene-brightener D, lilac color. Consideration must be given to the fact that gene b is recessive. I.e. to receive kittens of chocolate color, both of parents must be carrier of this gene, and to receive the posterity of lilac color, both of parents must have at the same time genes D and b;
Gene of siamese colour is interesting by opportunity to receive the posterity with siamese marks, including blue, chocolate and lilac colours (in the presence of genes of clarification and chocolate color at the same time).
Presence of given genes can define, studied the pedigree of sire or in practice, choosing partners with appropriate genetics. But to receive the colour, close to goal, it is necessary to keep to the rule – to pair similar with similar. The main requirement for the quality of lilac and chocolate colour is their tender, warm tone. These colours go good together, but as possible partners it is allowed to choose cats of Red, Cream colours. who give their Lilac and Chocolate combining pinkish tint of hair and bright eye color. To Lilac and Chocolate Tabbys can be recommended Golden Tabbys as possible partners or improvers of type.
Chocolate breeding Persian Cat :
According to today’s situation in Chocolate breeding Persian is that the task to get rid of Siamese gene became the aim of the selectionists. At the first stage of the work it comes to the leading this gene into the recessive state. In future, numerous copulations of Chocolates and Lilacs ‘inside them’ will allow to clear up the colour gene of the population.
It would seem that there is nothing simpler to pair Lilac-Point with Red cat, and then interbreed littermates between each other. But the question of the type, stands the most in Persians than in other breeds. That’s why such way is inconvinient – doing the step forward, it has to do two steps back. What we have to do? Very often animals of black colour, especially in extreme breeds are the carriers of the strongest, modern type, that’s why they are used as improvers in the breeding of animals of different colours such as Points, Smokes, Bicolors and even Chinchillas. That’s why it is suitable to attract exactly them (or Tortoiseshell cats, received from black, high-class sires) to the chocolate program.
Extracting Chocolate and Lilac Colours for Persian Cat from the standards of WCF (edition by 1995) :
PER b CHOCOLATE
Color: All colours of brown are acknowledged, without rust, white hairs or picture. Without grey undercoat, colour must be equal.
Lobe of the nose: Colour of milky chocolate
Pads: Colour of cinnamon or chocolate
Eye color: Copper or deep-orange
PER c LILAC
Colour: Colour of hair is pale lilac with light pink shimmer, without white hairs or picture. Without grey undercoat, color must be equal.
Lobe of the nose: Lilac
Eye color: Copper or deep-orange
Today the interest to the rare Persian colours increases. That’s why I hope that very soon we can often see the rarest. and the most obscure Chocolates and Lilacs on the shows!